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Lancet. 1993 Jul 3;342(8862):25-6.

Mild cystic fibrosis and normal or borderline sweat test in patients with the 3849 + 10 kb C-->T mutation.

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Department of Paediatrics, Sheba Medical Centre, Ramat Gan, Israel.


Different mutations in the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene appear to contribute to heterogeneity of the CF phenotype. We investigated 15 patients with CF who have the 3849 + 10 kb C-->T mutation. All were Ashkenazi Jews. Their clinical features were compared with those of CF patients with the delta F508/delta F508, W1282X/W1282X, W1282X/delta F508 mutations, which are known to be associated with a severe disease. Patients with the 3849 + 10 kb mutation were older, had been diagnosed as having CF at a more advanced age, and were in a better nutritional state. Sweat chloride values were normal (below 60 mmol/L) in 5 3849 + 10 kb patients (33%). 4 of these patients and 6 others (total 66%) had normal pancreatic function. However, age-adjusted pulmonary function did not differ between the two groups. None of the patients with 3849 + 10 kb C-->T had had meconium ileus or had liver disease or diabetes mellitus. We conclude that this mutation is associated with a mild type of CF.

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