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J Biol Chem. 1994 Nov 18;269(46):28809-14.

Two N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases catalyze the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294-0005.

Abstract

We report that two N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases catalyze the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The first enzyme initiates heparan sulfate biosynthesis and can be measured by the transfer of GlcNAc from UDP-GlcNAc to GlcUA beta 1-3Gal beta 1-O-naphthalenemethanol. The second enzyme catalyzes the polymerization of heparan sulfate and can be measured by the transfer of GlcNAc from UDP-GlcNAc to the nonreducing terminal GlcUA present in oligosaccharide fragments prepared from the Escherichia coli K5 capsular polysaccharide, N-acetylheparosan. Kinetic characterization of the initiating GlcNAc-transferase (alpha-GlcNAc-TI) indicates an apparent Km for UDP-GlcNAc of 36 +/- 4 microM. The apparent Km for UDP-GlcNAc of the polymerizing GlcNAc-transferase (alpha-GlcNAc-TII) is 230 +/- 30 microM. Both enzymes have broad pH optima and require a divalent cation for activity. alpha-GlcNAc-TI can use both Mn2+ and Ca2+, while alpha-GlcNAc-TII will use only Mn2+. Chinese hamster ovary cells deficient in the synthesis of heparan sulfate and lacking alpha-GlcNAc-TII activity and S49 Thy 1-a lymphoma cells deficient in alpha GlcNAc addition to phosphatidylinositol have wild-type alpha-GlcNAc-TI activity. Thus, distinct alpha-GlcNAc-transferases catalyze the initiation and polymerization of heparan sulfate.

PMID:
7961837
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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