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Am J Med Genet. 1995 Mar 27;56(2):173-5.

Renal tubular acidosis in the Silver-Russell syndrome.

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1
Department of Genetics, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, México, D.F., México.

Abstract

Several patients with the Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) attending our Genetics Clinic were diagnosed as having persistent metabolic acidosis. Since this abnormality has not been reported previously in the SRS, we reexamined 33 SRS patients to evaluate the frequency and type of metabolic acidosis, the clinical and laboratory findings, and the growth pattern in SRS patients with and without metabolic acidosis. Among them, 14 had a consistent decrease in HCO3- levels. Renal studies in acidotic patients showed urine pH of 5.8 and 24 h urine calcium of < 2.4 mg/kg/24 h; serum creatinine, excretion of glucose, and amino acids were normal, as were renal ultrasound and excretory urography findings. These data supported the diagnosis of renal tubular acidosis, probably type II; the patients were treated with oral bicarbonate and acidosis was corrected successfully. Clinical manifestations were similar in acidotic and non-acidotic patients. The nutritional indices at diagnosis and at last evaluation (at least 8 months after diagnosis) were abnormally low in all patients; however, acidotic patients, treated with bicarbonate, showed an improvement of nutritional status particularly in the weight/height index, although the difference between groups after follow-up did not reach statistical significance. We suggest that metabolic acidosis due to renal tubular acidosis, probably type II, may occur in children with the SRS and should be looked for and treated in all patients.

PMID:
7625441
DOI:
10.1002/ajmg.1320560212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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