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Yale J Biol Med. 1994 Jan-Apr;67(1-2):23-32.

Congruences in Chinese and Western medicine from 1830-1911: smallpox, plague and cholera.

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Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


A close examination of three examples, smallpox, plague and cholera, suggest that for acute infectious diseases the Chinese viewed the symptomatologies, the causes, and the rational treatments of these illnesses in many ways similar to that of their contemporary Western counterparts. Rather than holding an opposing, clashing or incongruent system of medical thoughts for these common, well-recognized infectious diseases, the Chinese were prepared, by a long tradition of ontological thinking, to be receptive to the adoption, incorporation or modification of Western medical ideas in the late nineteenth century.

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