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Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2017 Oct 2;6:103. doi: 10.1186/s13756-017-0263-3. eCollection 2017.

Implementation of central line-associated bloodstream infection prevention bundles in a surgical intensive care unit using peer tutoring.

Author information

1
Infection Control Office, Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 20 Boramae-ro 5-Gil, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, 07061 Republic of Korea.
3
Intensive Care Units, Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) can be prevented through well-coordinated, multifaceted programs. However, implementation of CLABSI prevention programs requires individualized strategies for different institutional situations, and the best strategy in resource-limited settings is uncertain. Peer tutoring may be an efficient and effective method that is applicable in such settings.

METHODS:

A prospective intervention was performed to reduce CLABSIs in a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) at a tertiary hospital. The core interventions consisted of implementation of insertion and maintenance bundles for CLABSI prevention. The overall interventions were guided and coordinated by active educational programs using peer tutoring. The CLABSI rates were compared for 9 months pre-intervention, 6 months during the intervention and 9 months post-intervention. The CLABSI rate was further observed for three years after the intervention.

RESULTS:

The rate of CLABSIs per 1000 catheter-days decreased from 6.9 infections in the pre-intervention period to 2.4 and 1.8 in the intervention (6 m; P = 0.102) and post-intervention (9 m; P = 0.036) periods, respectively. A regression model showed a significantly decreasing trend in the infection rate from the pre-intervention period (P < 0.001), with incidence-rate ratios of 0.348 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.98-1.23) in the intervention period and 0.257 (95% CI, 0.07-0.91) in the post-intervention period. However, after the 9-month post-intervention period, the yearly CLABSI rates reverted to 3.0-5.4 infections per 1000 catheter-days over 3 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Implementation of CLABSI prevention bundles using peer tutoring in a resource-limited setting was useful and effectively reduced CLABSIs. However, maintaining the reduced CLABSI rate will require further strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Central line-associated bloodstream infection; Education; Intensive care unit; Intervention; Learning by teaching; Peer tutoring

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