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J Law Med Ethics. 2009 Summer;37(2):222-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-720X.2009.00367.x.

Compulsory licensing in Canada and Thailand: comparing regimes to ensure legitimate use of the WTO rules.

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1
Department of Economics & Business, Colorado College, USA.

Abstract

This paper examines two recent examples of compulsory licensing legislation: one globally embraced regime and one internationally controversial regime operating under the same WTO rules. In particular, we consider Canadian legislation and the use of compulsory licensing for HIV/AIDS drugs destined for a developing country. This is then contrasted with the conditions under which Thai authorities are pursuing compulsory licenses, the outcomes of their compulsory licenses, as well as the likely impact of the Thai policy. Finally, we construct a rubric to evaluate characteristics of a successful regime. This is used to analyze the Canadian and Thai regimes and frame the expected implications of each national policy. It is hoped that the assessment will guide changes to compulsory licensing design to ensure that legitimate regimes are embraced while illegitimate ones are disallowed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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