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BMC Nurs. 2020 Feb 17;19:14. doi: 10.1186/s12912-020-0403-6. eCollection 2020.

Process evaluation of the response of nursing homes to the implementation of the dementia-specific case conference concept WELCOME-IdA: A qualitative study.

Author information

1
1Department of Nursing Science, University of Applied Sciences (hsg Bochum), Gesundheitscampus 6-8, 44801 Bochum, Germany.
2
2German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Stockumer Str. 12, 58453 Witten, Germany.
3
3Faculty of Health, University of Witten/Herdecke, Alfred-Herrhausen-Straße 50, 58455 Witten, Germany.
4
Städtische Seniorenheime Krefeld, De - Greiff - Straße 194, 47803 Krefeld, Germany.

Abstract

Background:

The implementation of clearly structured dementia-specific case conferences could be an important tool to enable nursing staff to properly analyse and manage challenging behaviour in nursing home residents with dementia. A process evaluation of the responses of nursing homes to the implementation of WELCOME-IdA (Wittener model of case conferences for people with dementia - the Innovative dementia-oriented Assessment tool) was carried out to gain insight into which key elements of the intervention were adopted by the nursing homes and which elements were adapted.

Methods:

This study was part of a larger process evaluation using a qualitative design. Thirty-four semi-structured telephone interviews and 15 focus group interviews were conducted in four nursing homes. The interviews were analysed using deductive content analysis, although inductive categories have been developed.

Results:

Nursing home staff adopted the roles of moderator, case reporter, keeper of the minutes and reflection partner in WELCOME-IdA, but the selection of the staff members who filled these roles differed across nursing homes. The recommended group size of 5-8 participants per case conference was sometimes adopted. The key element of having core nursing teams who participated continuously in all case conferences was not adopted at all. Instead, there was a high level of rotation among staff members. The pre-defined process structure of WELCOME-IdA was adapted in such a way that the assessment of the residents' behaviour and the selection of the relevant domain for the behaviour analysis were conducted in advance of the case conference. The evaluation of the interventions was also organized differently.

Conclusion:

The scope of the response implies that WELCOME-IdA requires further adaptation to the requirements of nursing processes in nursing homes. The results provide important information on the selection of role keepers and offer insights into a) how knowledge of the structured training was circulated and transformed into self-organized case conferences and b) how knowledge was circulated throughout the entire processing of one case. Thus, these results can be used to optimize intervention and implementation. Overall, the intervention should allow more possibilities for tailored adaptation than it currently does.

KEYWORDS:

Behavioural and psychological symptoms; Dementia; Dementia-specific case conference; Nursing home; Process evaluation; Qualitative study; WELCOME-IdA

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interestsThe authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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