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Syst Rev. 2020 Jan 16;9(1):15. doi: 10.1186/s13643-020-1276-1.

Engaging older adults in self-management talk in healthcare encounters: a systematic review protocol.

Author information

1
Caring Futures Institute, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, 5042, Australia. michael.lawless@flinders.edu.au.
2
National Health and Medical Research Council Transdisciplinary Centre of Research Excellence in Frailty Research to Achieve Healthy Ageing, Adelaide, SA, Australia. michael.lawless@flinders.edu.au.
3
School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5005, Australia.
4
National Health and Medical Research Council Transdisciplinary Centre of Research Excellence in Frailty Research to Achieve Healthy Ageing, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
5
Helen Glass Centre for Nursing, University of Manitoba, 99 Curry Place, Winnipeg, Canada.
6
Caring Futures Institute, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, 5042, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Clinical practice guidelines for the management of complex chronic conditions in older adults encourage healthcare providers to engage patients in shared decision-making about self-management goals and actions. Yet, healthcare decision-making and communication for this population can pose significant challenges. As a result, healthcare professionals may struggle to help patients define and prioritise their values, goals, and preferences in ways that are clinically and personally meaningful, incorporating physical functioning and quality of life, when faced with numerous diagnostic and treatment alternatives. The aim of this systematic review is to locate and synthesise a body of fine-grained observational research on communication between professionals, older adults, and carers regarding self-management in audio/audio-visually recorded naturalistic interactions.

METHODS/DESIGN:

The paper describes a systematic review of the published conversation analytic and discourse analytic research, using an aggregative thematic approach and following the PRISMA-P guidelines. This review will include studies reporting on adult patients (female or male) aged ≥ 60 years whose consultations are conducted in English in any healthcare setting and stakeholders involved in their care, e.g. general practitioners, nurses, allied health professionals, and family carers. We will search nine electronic databases and the grey literature and two independent reviewers will screen titles and abstracts to identify potential studies. Discrepancies will be resolved via consultation with the review team. The methodological quality of the final set of included studies will be appraised using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Qualitative Research and a detailed description of the characteristics of the included studies using a customised template.

DISCUSSION:

This is the first systematic review to date to locate and synthesise the conversation analytic research on how healthcare professionals raise and pursue talk about self-management with older adults in routine clinical interactions. Amalgamating these findings will enable the identification of effective and potentially trainable communication practices for engaging older adults in healthcare decision-making about the self-management goals and actions that enable the greatest possible health and quality of life in older adulthood.

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION:

PROSPERO CRD42019139376.

KEYWORDS:

Aged; Chronic illness and disease; Communication; Conversation analysis; Frail elderly; Healthcare delivery; Protocol; Qualitative research; Self-management

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