Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Dec 27;19(1):1000. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4792-8.

Translating academic research into guidance to support healthcare improvement: how should guidance development be reported?

Author information

School of Management, University of Los Andes, Edificio Santo Domingo, Cl. 21 #1 20, Bogotá, Colombia.
Centre for Primary Care and Health Services Research, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.
Department of Applied Health Research, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.
The Health Foundation, 8 Salisbury Square, London, EC4Y 8AP, UK.



There is interest internationally in improving the uptake of research evidence to inform health care quality and safety. This article focusses on guidance development from research studies as one method for improving research uptake. While we recognise that implementation strategies on the ´demand´ side for encouraging the uptake of research are important, e.g. knowledge brokers and university-practice collaborations, this article focusses on the ´production´ aspect of how guidance development is reported and the consequent influence this may have on end-users´ receptivity to evidence, in addition to other demand-side processes.


The article considers the following question: how is guidance developed and what are the implications for reporting? We address this question by reviewing examples of guidance development reporting from applied health research studies, then describe how we produced guidance for a national study of evidence use in decision-making on adopting innovations. The starting point for reflecting on our experiences is a vignette of the guidance ´launch´ event at a national conference.


Implications for reporting guidance development and supporting improvement are discussed. These include the need to (a) produce reporting standards for the production of guidance to match reporting standards for other research methods, (b) acknowledge the ´informal´ or emergent aspects of producing guidance and its role within a wider knowledge mobilization strategy, (c) consider guidance development from projects as part of a wider knowledge mobilization strategy, and (d) encourage a receptive environment for guidance development and use, including researcher training, durable funding to support impact, and closer relations between research and practice.


Guidance; Improvement; Reporting; Research evidence

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center