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Genes Dev. 2020 Jan 1;34(1-2):87-98. doi: 10.1101/gad.331868.119. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Fork pausing complex engages topoisomerases at the replisome.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Genetics and Genomics of Geneva (iGE3), University of Geneva, Geneva 4, CH-1211, Switzerland.

Abstract

Replication forks temporarily or terminally pause at hundreds of hard-to-replicate regions around the genome. A conserved pair of budding yeast replisome components Tof1-Csm3 (fission yeast Swi1-Swi3 and human TIMELESS-TIPIN) act as a "molecular brake" and promote fork slowdown at proteinaceous replication fork barriers (RFBs), while the accessory helicase Rrm3 assists the replisome in removing protein obstacles. Here we show that the Tof1-Csm3 complex promotes fork pausing independently of Rrm3 helicase by recruiting topoisomerase I (Top1) to the replisome. Topoisomerase II (Top2) partially compensates for the pausing decrease in cells when Top1 is lost from the replisome. The C terminus of Tof1 is specifically required for Top1 recruitment to the replisome and fork pausing but not for DNA replication checkpoint (DRC) activation. We propose that forks pause at proteinaceous RFBs through a "sTOP" mechanism ("slowing down with topoisomerases I-II"), which we show also contributes to protecting cells from topoisomerase-blocking agents.

KEYWORDS:

Csm3; Mrc1; RFB; Tof1; Top1; Top2; replication fork pausing; replisome; topoisomerase

PMID:
31805522
PMCID:
PMC6938670
[Available on 2020-07-01]
DOI:
10.1101/gad.331868.119

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