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Elife. 2019 Sep 6;8. pii: e49188. doi: 10.7554/eLife.49188.

Regulation of Eag1 gating by its intracellular domains.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics, The Rockefeller University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New York, United States.

Abstract

Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kvs) are gated by transmembrane voltage sensors (VS) that move in response to changes in membrane voltage. Kv10.1 or Eag1 also has three intracellular domains: PAS, C-linker, and CNBHD. We demonstrate that the Eag1 intracellular domains are not required for voltage-dependent gating but likely interact with the VS to modulate gating. We identified specific interactions between the PAS, CNBHD, and VS that modulate voltage-dependent gating and provide evidence that VS movement destabilizes these interactions to promote channel opening. Additionally, mutation of these interactions renders Eag1 insensitive to calmodulin inhibition. The structure of the calmodulin insensitive mutant in a pre-open conformation suggests that channel opening may occur through a rotation of the intracellular domains and calmodulin may prevent this rotation by stabilizing interactions between the VS and intracellular domains. Intracellular domains likely play a similar modulatory role in voltage-dependent gating of the related Kv11-12 channels.

KEYWORDS:

CHO cells; HEK293S GnTI-; SF9 cells; biochemistry; chemical biology; cryo-EM; electrophysiology; molecular biophysics; structural biology; virus; voltage-gated potassium channel; xenopus

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