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J Clin Nurs. 2019 Dec;28(23-24):4504-4512. doi: 10.1111/jocn.15039. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Modelling factors of urinary incontinence in institutional older adults with dementia.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
2
College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
3
Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
4
Center for Long-Term Care Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

This study applied structural equation modelling to explore the relationships among agitated behaviours, depression, cognitive function and activities of daily living, as well as associations between these factors and urinary incontinence).

BACKGROUND:

A high prevalence of urinary incontinence is found among institutional older adults with dementia. People with urinary incontinence suffer from increased financial burden and social isolation and experience reduced quality of life.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional correlational research. The study complied with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement.

METHODS:

In total, 226 older adults with dementia were recruited through convenience sampling at 15 long-term care facilities in southern Taiwan. The urinary incontinence frequency, agitated behaviours, depression, cognitive function and activities of daily living were evaluated using bladder records, the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Barthel Index, respectively.

RESULTS:

Activities of daily living performance was found to be significantly associated with urinary incontinence; however, age, cognitive function, depression and agitated behaviours were not significantly related to urinary incontinence. Age did not have effects on any of the variables tested in this model, whereas activities of daily living performance was significantly associated with cognitive function and depression. Results further showed that cognitive function and depression were mediators between activities of daily living and agitated behaviours.

CONCLUSION:

Enhanced activities of daily living independency directly reduced urinary incontinence, improved cognitive function, decreased degrees of depression and indirectly reduced agitated behaviours.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

The findings could serve as a valuable reference for long-term care facilities in providing effective urinary incontinence care and prevention to older adults with dementia.

KEYWORDS:

activities of daily living; agitated behaviour; cognitive function; dementia; depression; older adults; urinary incontinence

PMID:
31429131
DOI:
10.1111/jocn.15039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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