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Annu Rev Virol. 2019 Jul 5. doi: 10.1146/annurev-virology-101416-041429. [Epub ahead of print]

In vivo Imaging-Driven Approaches to Study Virus Dissemination and Pathogenesis.

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Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA; email: , , ,


Viruses are causative agents for many diseases and infect all living organisms on the planet. Development of effective therapies has relied on our ability to isolate and culture viruses in vitro, allowing mechanistic studies and strategic interventions. While this reductionist approach is necessary, testing the relevance of in vitro findings often takes a very long time. New developments in imaging technologies are transforming our experimental approach where viral pathogenesis can be studied in vivo at multiple spatial and temporal resolutions. Here, we outline a vision of a top-down approach using noninvasive whole-body imaging as a guide for in-depth characterization of key tissues, physiologically relevant cell types, and pathways of spread to elucidate mechanisms of virus spread and pathogenesis. Tool development toward imaging of infectious diseases is expected to transform clinical diagnosis and treatment. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Virology Volume 6 is September 30, 2019. Please see for revised estimates.

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