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J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2019 Jun 26. pii: S1525-8610(19)30395-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2019.04.027. [Epub ahead of print]

Predictors of Nurses' Research Use in Canadian Long-term Care Homes.

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School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.



We examined the influence of individual characteristics and organizational context features on nurses' self-reported use of research evidence in long-term care (LTC) homes.


A cross-sectional analysis of survey data collected in the Translating Research in Elder Care program.


756 nurses (registered nurses and licensed practical nurses) from 89 LTC homes in Western Canada.


Generalized estimating equation modeling was used to identify which individual characteristics and organizational context features significantly predicted (P < .05) 3 kinds of self-reported research use by nurses: instrumental (the direct application of research findings), conceptual (using research findings to change thinking), and persuasive (using research findings to convince others).


Nurses reported a moderate to high level of research use. There were no significant differences in mean research use scores by nursing role. Only 2 variables were associated with all 3 kinds of research use: having a positive attitude toward research, and availability of structural and electronic resources. Additional variables associated with instrumental research use were problem-solving ability, engaging in formal interactions (eg, education sessions), and better perceptions of organizational slack-staff (the availability of sufficient staff). Additional variables associated with conceptual research use were self-determination and job efficacy. Finally, additional variables associated with persuasive research use were belief suspension (the ability to suspend previously held beliefs), organizational citizenship behavior (one's voluntary commitment to the organization), self-determination, job efficacy, evaluation, and better perceptions of organizational slack-time (perceived availability of extra time).


Conceptual and persuasive research use were most strongly influenced by individual characteristics, whereas instrumental research use was predicted equally by individual and organizational variables. Nurses working in LTC are positioned in leadership roles; by targeting both the individual- and organizational-level predictors of nurses' research use, they can improve conditions for individuals living in LTC.


Alberta Context Tool; Research use; TREC; context; long-term care; nurses

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