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Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2019 Aug;16(4):271-280. doi: 10.1111/wvn.12375. Epub 2019 Jun 23.

A Multisite Health System Survey to Assess Organizational Context to Support Evidence-Based Practice.

Author information

1
Ostomy,Continence Program, Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
2
Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
3
Indiana University Health Adult Academic Health Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
4
Fairbanks School of Public Health and School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
5
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
6
Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Implementation and sustainability of a culture of evidence-based practice (EBP) require a systematic approach. A baseline assessment of the organizational context can inform implementation efforts.

AIMS:

To examine organizational hospital context and provider characteristics associated with EBP readiness and to describe EBP context across hospitals.

METHODS:

A nonexperimental descriptive correlational design was used to conduct a web-based survey of direct-care registered nurses (N = 701) and nurse managers (N = 94) across a large Midwestern multisite healthcare system using the Alberta Context Tool (ACT).

RESULTS:

Many significant relationships existed among nurse characteristics and ACT domains, including age (lower age had higher Leadership, Evaluation, and Formal Interactions), education (graduate education had lower Social Capital than a bachelor's or associate degree), role (direct-care nurses had lower Culture than managers and lower Social Capital), and work status (full-time employees had lower Evaluation and Social Capital). EBP context across type of hospitals is similar, with marginal differences in Social Capital and Organizational Slack (higher in critical access hospitals).

LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION:

Assessing organizational context to support EBP is the first step in developing and enhancing a sustainable culture of inquiry. The ACT has been tested across countries, settings, and healthcare disciplines to measure perception of readiness of the practice environment toward EBP. Optimal organizational context is essential to support EBP and sustain the use of evidence in professional nursing practice. Nursing leaders can use baseline assessment information to identify strengths and opportunities to enhance EBP implementation. Enhancing organizational context across nurse characteristics (e.g., age, role, and work status) to acknowledge nurses' contributions, balance nurses' personal and work life, enhance connectedness, and support work culture is beneficial. Fostering development of Social Capital in nurses is needed to influence EBP readiness. A systematic and standardized approach to foster EBP across health systems is key to successful implementation.

KEYWORDS:

administration/management/leadership/organization; evidence-based practice; professional issues/professional ethics/professional standards; quantitative; survey; survey methodology/data collection

PMID:
31231947
DOI:
10.1111/wvn.12375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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