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Nat Commun. 2019 Jun 7;10(1):2529. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10404-9.

H3.3K27M-induced chromatin changes drive ectopic replication through misregulation of the JNK pathway in C. elegans.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology and Institute for Genetics and Genomics in Geneva, University of Geneva, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland.
2
Team of Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Mechanics and Petrochemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, 09-400, Płock, Poland.
3
Department of Molecular Biology and Institute for Genetics and Genomics in Geneva, University of Geneva, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland. Florian.Steiner@unige.ch.

Abstract

Substitution of lysine 27 with methionine in histone H3.3 is a recently discovered driver mutation of pediatric high-grade gliomas. Mutant cells show decreased levels and altered distribution of H3K27 trimethylation (H3K27me3). How these chromatin changes are established genome-wide and lead to tumorigenesis remains unclear. Here we show that H3.3K27M-mediated alterations in H3K27me3 distribution result in ectopic DNA replication and cell cycle progression of germ cells in Caenorhabditis elegans. By genetically inducing changes in the H3.3 distribution, we demonstrate that both H3.3K27M and pre-existing H3K27me3 act locally and antagonistically on Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) in a concentration-dependent manner. The heterochromatin changes result in extensive gene misregulation, and genetic screening identified upregulation of JNK as an underlying cause of the germcell aberrations. Moreover, JNK inhibition suppresses the replicative fate in human tumor-derived H3.3K27M cells, thus establishing C. elegans as a powerful model for the identification of potential drug targets for treatment of H3.3K27M tumors.

PMID:
31175278
PMCID:
PMC6555832
DOI:
10.1038/s41467-019-10404-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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