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Open Med (Wars). 2019 Apr 24;14:354-361. doi: 10.1515/med-2019-0035. eCollection 2019.

Loneliness in the Context of Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents.

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University of Technology and Humanities in Radom, Faculty of Health Science and Physical Education, ul. Chrobrego 27, 26-600 Radom, Poland.
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science and Physical Education, University of Technology and Humanities in Radom, Radom Poland.



Numbers of the elderly have been on a steady increase both in Poland and other countries of the world. As they age, their health declines and they need help with their housekeeping. This, coupled with the transformation of intergenerational into single-generation or nuclear family structures, causes a markedly rising demand for institutional care. Holistic care of an elderly nursing home resident requires a comprehensive approach and consideration for their feelings. Loneliness and solitude are increasingly common among these feelings, undoubtedly affecting quality of life.


250 elderly residents of seven nursing home situated in Mazovia, Poland, have been examined using: De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale, WHOQOL-BREF Questionnaire, Basic Hope Scale (BHI-12), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS).


Loneliness affects nearly 40% residents of the homes surveyed. Quality of their residents' lives is reduced. Relations with their families and levels of motor efficiency imply a sense of loneliness. Degrees of illness acceptance, ability to adjust to change, and life satisfaction influence the level of loneliness felt.


40% of nursing home residents exhibit a sense of loneliness, while the greater loneliness and solitude, the lower the quality of life.


Loneliness; Nursing home; Quality of life; Solitude; The elderly

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest Conflict of interests: The authors do not declare a conflict of interest

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