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Cancers Head Neck. 2018 Dec 29;3:12. doi: 10.1186/s41199-018-0039-3. eCollection 2018.

HPV-driven oropharyngeal cancer: current knowledge of molecular biology and mechanisms of carcinogenesis.

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1
1Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, Yale University, New Haven, CT USA.
2
2Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery; Lineberger Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 170 Manning Drive, Campus Box 7070, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.

Abstract

Understanding of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has significantly progressed over the last decades, and the concept that this disease can be subdivided into two distinct entities based on human papilloma virus (HPV) status has gained acceptance. To combat the constantly growing epidemic of HPV+ oropharyngeal cancer, further investigation and characterization the unique features of the disease, along with the development and implementation of new, targeted therapies, is crucial. In this review, we summarize the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and molecular characteristics of HPV-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

KEYWORDS:

Etiology; HPV; Oropharyngeal cancer; Treatment

Conflict of interest statement

Not applicable.All authors consent for the publication of this review article.The authors declare that they have no competing interest.Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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