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RNA. 2019 May 10. pii: rna.070417.119. doi: 10.1261/rna.070417.119. [Epub ahead of print]

Regulation of cyclic oligoadenylate synthesis by the S. epidermidis Cas10-Csm complex.

Author information

1
University of Alabama Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry.
2
University of Alabama Department of Biological Sciences.
3
University of Alabama Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry; jadunkle@ua.edu.

Abstract

CRISPR-Cas systems are a class of adaptive immune systems in prokaryotes that use small CRISPR RNAs (crRNAs) in conjunction with CRISPR-associated (Cas) nucleases to recognize and degrade foreign nucleic acids. Recent studies have revealed that Type III CRISPR-Cas systems synthesize second messenger molecules previously unknown to exist in prokaryotes, cyclic oligoadenylates (cOA). These molecules activate the Csm6 nuclease to promote RNA degradation and may also coordinate additional cellular responses to foreign nucleic acids. Although cOA production has been reconstituted and characterized for a few bacterial and archaeal Type III systems, cOA generation and its regulation have not been explored for the Staphylococcus epidermidis Type III-A CRISPR-Cas system, a longstanding model for CRISPR-Cas function. Here, we demonstrate that this system performs Mg2+ dependent synthesis of 3-6 nt cOA. We show that activation of cOA synthesis is perturbed by single nucleotide mismatches between the crRNA and target RNA at discrete positions, and that synthesis is antagonized by Csm3-mediated target RNA cleavage. Altogether, our results establish the requirements for cOA production in a model Type III CRISPR-Cas system and suggest a natural mechanism to dampen immunity once the foreign RNA is destroyed.

KEYWORDS:

CRISPR-Cas; Cas10; crRNA; interference; oligoadenylate

PMID:
31076459
DOI:
10.1261/rna.070417.119

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