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BMJ Open. 2019 Apr 15;9(4):e026074. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026074.

What enables older people to continue with their falls prevention exercises? A qualitative systematic review.

Author information

1
Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
2
RCN RI, Royal College of Nursing Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To review the qualitative literature that explores the barriers and facilitators to continued participation in falls prevention exercise after completion of a structured exercise programme.

DESIGN:

A systematic literature review with thematic synthesis of qualitative studies exploring older adults' experiences of continued participation in falls prevention exercise.

DATA SOURCES:

Comprehensive searches were conducted in MEDLINE, PSYCHinfo, AMED, ASSIA, CINAHL and EMBASE from inception until November 2017. Additional studies were identified via searches of reference lists and citation tracking of relevant studies.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA:

Qualitative or mixed methods studies exploring experiences of community-dwelling older adults (65 years and over) participation in a falls prevention exercise programme including their experience of ongoing participation in exercise after the completion of a structured exercise programme.

DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS:

Key characteristics including aim, participant characteristics, method of data collection, underpinning qualitative methodology and analytical approach were extracted and independently checked. Thematic synthesis was used to integrate findings.

RESULTS:

From 14 studies involving 425 participants, we identified three descriptive themes: identity, motivators/deterrents and nature of the intervention and one overarching analytical theme: agency.

CONCLUSIONS:

Older people have their own individual and meaningful rationale for either continuing or stopping exercise after completion of a structured falls prevention exercise programme. Exploring these barriers and facilitators to continued exercise is key during the intervention phase. It is important that health care professionals get to know the older person's rationale and offer the best evidence-based practice and support to individuals, to ensure a smooth transition from their structured intervention towards longer-term exercise-related behaviour.

PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER:

CRD42017082637.

KEYWORDS:

exercise; falls prevention; long-term participation; qualitative research

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests: None declared.

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