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Proteomics. 2019 Jul;19(13):e1800438. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201800438. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Combining Rapid Data Independent Acquisition and CRISPR Gene Deletion for Studying Potential Protein Functions: A Case of HMGN1.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 8093, Switzerland.
2
Yale Cancer Biology Institute, Yale University, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA.
3
Department of Genome Integrity, Institute of Molecular Genetics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, 14220, Czech Republic.
4
Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.

Abstract

CRISPR-Cas gene editing holds substantial promise in many biomedical disciplines and basic research. Due to the important functional implications of non-histone chromosomal protein HMG-14 (HMGN1) in regulating chromatin structure and tumor immunity, gene knockout of HMGN1 is performed by CRISPR in cancer cells and the following proteomic regulation events are studied. In particular, DIA mass spectrometry (DIA-MS) is utilized, and more than 6200 proteins (protein- FDR 1%) and more than 82 000 peptide precursors are reproducibly measured in the single MS shots of 2 h. HMGN1 protein deletion is confidently verified by DIA-MS in all of the clone- and dish- replicates following CRISPR. Statistical analysis reveals 147 proteins change their expressions significantly after HMGN1 knockout. Functional annotation and enrichment analysis indicate the deletion of HMGN1 induces histone inactivation, various stress pathways, remodeling of extracellular proteomes, cell proliferation, as well as immune regulation processes such as complement and coagulation cascade and interferon alpha/ gamma response in cancer cells. These results shed new lights on the cellular functions of HMGN1. It is suggested that DIA-MS can be reliably used as a rapid, robust, and cost-effective proteomic-screening tool to assess the outcome of the CRISPR experiments.

KEYWORDS:

CRISPR-Cas9; HMGN1; clone effect; data independent acquisition; gene deletion; protein function

PMID:
30901150
DOI:
10.1002/pmic.201800438

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