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Age Ageing. 2019 May 1;48(3):433-439. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afz015.

Understanding the factors associated with patients with dementia achieving their preferred place of death: a retrospective cohort study.

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Oxford University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, UK.
Kings College London, Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, UK.



dying in one's preferred place is a quality marker for end-of-life care. Little is known about preferred place of death, or the factors associated with achieving this, for people with dementia.


to understand preferences for place of death among people with dementia; to identify factors associated with achieving these preferences.


adults with a diagnosis of dementia who died between December 2015 and March 2017 and who were registered on Coordinate My Care, an Electronic Palliative Care Coordination System.


retrospective cohort study.


multivariable logistic regression investigated factors associated with achieving preferred place of death.


we identified 1,047 people who died with dementia; information on preferred and actual place of death was available for 803. Preferred place of death was most commonly care home (58.8%, n = 472) or home (39.0%, n = 313). Overall 83.7% (n = 672) died in their preferred place. Dying in the preferred place was more likely for those most functionally impaired (OR 1.82 95% CI 1.06-3.13), and with a ceiling of treatment of 'symptomatic relief only' (OR 2.65, 95% CI 1.37-5.14). It was less likely for people with a primary diagnosis of cancer (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.28-0.97), those who were 'for' cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.16-0.62) and those whose record was created longer before death (51-250 days (ref <50 days) OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.38-0.94).


most people with dementia want to die in a care home or at home. Achieving this is more likely where goals of treatment are symptomatic relief only, indicating the importance of advance care planning.


Electronic Palliative Care Co-ordination Systems (EPaCCS); dementia; end of life care; older people; palliative; preferred place of death

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