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J Gerontol Soc Work. 2019 Feb 6:1-10. doi: 10.1080/01634372.2019.1575134. [Epub ahead of print]

Hypothesis Testing of CNA Perceptions of Organizational Culture in Long Term Care.

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a School of Social Work , University at Buffalo, State University of New York , Buffalo , NY.
b School of Social Work , University of Maryland Baltimore County , Baltimore , MD.
c Gerontology Program , University of Maryland Baltimore County , Baltimore , MD , USA.


This commentary for the special issue on research that went wrong describes a study that explored factors that contribute to variability within Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) on organizational safety culture. We know from previous research that CNAs provide most direct care in nursing homes and that direct care workers often experience agency culture differently from agency management (Wolf et al., 2014). We were looking for factors that nursing homes could alter to improve the culture for CNAs, and thus, residents. We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected via a multi-component paper survey of CNAs employed in long term care. We used results from the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture and primary shift, type of unit, and years as a CNA to identify modifiable characteristics that would explain variability in the perceptions of patient safety culture. The final sample included n = 106 from three nursing homes. Dimension scores were compared using bivariate tests appropriate to the scale and ordinal logistic regression. Despite support in the literature for the hypothesis, we found few significant differences on the total scale within groups. Differences in perceptions have implications for quality of care and the experiences of residents within nursing homes.


Organizational Culture; direct care workers; secondary data analysis

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