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Int J Nurs Pract. 2019 Jan 17:e12723. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12723. [Epub ahead of print]

De-implementation of tradition-based practices in critical care: A qualitative study.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing Systems, College of Nursing, Academic Health Sciences Center, University of Central Florida, USA.
2
Center for Nursing Research, Orlando Health, Orlando, Florida, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

To explore the process of tradition-based practice (TBP) de-implementation by critical care nurses.

BACKGROUND:

Ritualistic and routine practices have been described as sacred cows or TBPs. Many clinical practices have insufficient or no evidence and may lead to poor patient outcomes. De-implementation (termination) of potentially harmful, ineffective, or non cost-effective TBP is necessary to facilitate evidence-based practice (EBP) in the clinical setting.

DESIGN:

Descriptive qualitative inquiry guided this study.

METHODS:

Twenty-two critical care nurses from an acute care hospital in central Florida participated. Individual and focus group interviews were performed March to July 2016 and analysed using thematic analysis.

RESULTS:

Three themes were identified: (a) uncertainty, (b) desire to know, and (c) preparing for practice change. Nurses were uncertain about the scientific underpinnings of everyday clinical practices and had difficulty differentiating TBP from EBP. De-implementation processes and strategies appeared to replicate implementation processes.

CONCLUSION:

More research is needed to evaluate de-implementation processes and strategies used for de-implementation. An emphasis should be placed on ensuring that nurses are knowledgeable about fundamental EBP skills to encourage assessment of clinical practices for supporting research evidence. Awareness and understanding of TBPs will facilitate a more comprehensive approach towards achieving the gold standard of EBP.

KEYWORDS:

critical care; de-implementation; evidence-based practice; nursing; qualitative; tradition-based practice

PMID:
30656794
DOI:
10.1111/ijn.12723

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