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Can J Aging. 2019 Jan 10:1-13. doi: 10.1017/S0714980818000569. [Epub ahead of print]

Ontario's Retirement Homes and Long-Term Care Homes: A Comparison of Care Services and Funding Regimes.

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University of Toronto.


ABSTRACTGrowing demand for beds in government-subsidized long-term care (LTC) homes in Ontario is causing long waitlists, which must be absorbed by other residential alternatives, including unsubsidized retirement homes. This study compares Ontario's LTC homes and retirement homes for care services provided, funding regimes, and implications of differential funding for seniors. Descriptive data for both types of homes were collected from public and proprietary sources regarding service offerings, availability, costs, and funding. Overlaps exist in the services of both LTC and retirement homes, particularly at higher levels of care. Although both sectors charge residents for accommodation, most care costs in LTC homes are publicly funded, whereas residents in retirement homes generally cover these expenses personally. Given waitlists in Ontario's LTC homes, many seniors must find residential care elsewhere, including in retirement homes. Several policy alternatives exist that may serve to improve equity of access to seniors' residential care.


aging; care services; equity of access; financement; foyers de soins de longue durée; funding; long-term care homes; retirement homes; résidences pour aînés; services de soins; vieillissement; équité d’accès


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