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Urology. 2019 Mar;125:64-72. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2018.12.001. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Prostate Cancer Genomic Classifier Relates More Strongly to Gleason Grade Group Than Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System Score in Multiparametric Prostate Magnetic Resonance Imaging-ultrasound Fusion Targeted Biopsies.

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Department of Urology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
Department of Urology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Electronic address:



To assess the association between Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) score, the Decipher score, and histologic grade of carcinoma in biopsy tissue among low- to intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients.


MRI-ultrasound targeted biopsy of regions of interest and concurrent 12-core systematic biopsy was performed on men with Gleason grade group (GG) 1 and 2. We compared Decipher score with PI-RADS scores and biopsy Gleason GG. Subgroup analyses were performed to evaluate patients who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP), and men with Decipher testing from a targeted biopsy core.


One hundred two patients with GG1 and GG2 had biopsy Decipher testing. There was no significant difference in the median Decipher scores among the 3 multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging categories. Patients with GG2 vs GG1 in the setting of PI-RADS 4-5 had higher genomic scores (P = .01), but no significant difference was noted in patients with PI-RADS ≤3. The rate of genomic higher-risk disease on a targeted biopsy from PI-RADS5 was higher in GG2 (75%) vs GG1 (11.1%; P = .01). On multivariable logistic regression analysis, the Decipher score ≥0.45, (odds ratio (OR) 2.71; P = .02), and age (OR 1.11; P = .004) remained significant factors associated with Gleason GG2 on biopsy.


High-risk genomic classification can be seen across all combinations of PI-RADS categories and Gleason GG1 and GG2, confirming a potential utility for Decipher testing in men with low- to favorable intermediate-risk prostate cancer. The Decipher biopsy genomic test related to Gleason GG independent of PI-RADSv2 score. Confirmatory genomic testing for patients undergoing active surveillance appears more valuable than PI-RADSv2 score.

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