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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2019 Mar - Apr;81:59-73. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2018.11.003. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Dementia care model: Promoting personhood through co-production.

Author information

1
Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Alessandro.bosco@nottingham.ac.uk.
2
School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
3
Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite robust evidence on its effectiveness, current approaches that aspire to person-centred care (PCC) frequently locate people with dementia as passive recipients rather than as active agents in the care process. We define active involvement in care as 'co-production'. In order to investigate co-production, we set out to review the evidence concerning personhood and dignity in dementia care.

METHOD:

We adopted a meta-ethnographic approach to synthesise the predominantly- qualitative literature on personhood and dignity in dementia care using EMBASE, PsycINFO, and ASSIA databases. We also included relevant policy documents. Members of Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) group were consulted throughout.

RESULTS:

A total of 14 empirical studies were subjected to content analysis. Three themes were identified: dignity and personhood, coping with dementia, and barriers to dignity in care. The findings suggest that positive strategies and coping mechanisms are associated with superior outcomes in relation to: sense of self, dignity and quality of care. The 22 policy documents yielded six themes pertaining to co-production: the part played by the person with dementia, family, environment, behaviour, governance and law, and health care partnership.

CONCLUSION:

Personhood in dementia care is enhanced through co-production, by actively participating in social, civic and political life. This is promoted through behavioural changes at the micro and macro levels of society, including providers of care being trained in co-producing care and policy makers creating opportunities with, rather than for people with dementia.

KEYWORDS:

Dementia; Equal positioning; Integrated model; Person-centred care; Personhood

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