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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2019 Jan 1;78(1):31-37. doi: 10.1093/jnen/nly104.

Quantitative Assessment of Pathological Tau Burden in Essential Tremor: A Postmortem Study.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology.
2
Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Friedman Brain Institute, Ronald M. Loeb Center for Alzheimer's Disease, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
3
Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Department of Neurology.
4
G.H. Sergievsky Center.
5
Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and The Aging Brain, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
6
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, London, United Kingdom.
7
Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.
8
Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center and the New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York.
9
Division of Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Yale School of Medicine.
10
Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

Essential tremor (ET) patients develop more cognitive impairment and dementia than controls, although there are surprisingly few data on the neuropathological basis for cognitive changes in ET. In this postmortem study, we assessed tau and other pathologies in 26 ET cases and 73 controls (non-ET) (1:3 matching). The mean age = 88.6 years; 55% were cognitively normal, 24% had mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 20% had dementia. We found similar burdens of pathology using Braak, β-amyloid and Lewy body assessments in ET and controls. In contrast, among cognitively normal subjects, ET cases had a higher number of NFT-positive neurons in the neocortex than controls (p < 0.001); the number of NFT-positive neurons in the medial temporal lobe was similar in these 2 groups (p = 0.22). Among subjects with MCI, ET cases also had higher numbers of NFT-positive neurons in the neocortex than controls (p < 0.001) but again, not in the medial temporal lobe (p = 0.55). Among subjects with dementia, the number of NFT-positive neurons was similar in ET cases and controls. Cognitive function correlated with quantitative neurofibrillary tangle counts in ET cases and controls. In the context of ET, pre-dementia tau burden is higher than in the absence of ET, suggesting a predisposition to tau pathology.

PMID:
30476290
PMCID:
PMC6289218
[Available on 2020-01-01]
DOI:
10.1093/jnen/nly104

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