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Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2019 Feb;27(1):151-171. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2018.08.006. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

MR Imaging of the Testicular and Extratesticular Tumors: When Do We Need?

Author information

1
Section of Body Imaging, Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program, Yale School of Medicine, 20 York Street, PO Box 208042, New Haven, CT 06520-8042, USA. Electronic address: mahan.mathur@gmail.com.
2
Section of Body Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, 20 York Street, PO Box 208042, New Haven, CT 06520-8042, USA.

Abstract

Testicular ultrasound is typically the first-line imaging examination in evaluating scrotal pathology. However, MR imaging can often provide valuable additional information, especially when ultrasound and/or clinical examinations are inconclusive. This is particularly evident when encountering testicular or paratesticular lesions, where accurate localization and characterization are paramount for management and prognosis. After reviewing normal scrotal anatomy as seen on MR imaging and offering a sample imaging protocol, the article describes specific indications for scrotal MR imaging and highlights imaging findings unique to various benign and malignant causes.

KEYWORDS:

Extratesticular; Germ cell tumor; MR imaging; Paratesticular; Testicle

PMID:
30466910
DOI:
10.1016/j.mric.2018.08.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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