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One Health. 2018 Oct 11;6:37-40. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2018.10.001. eCollection 2018 Dec.

Cross-sectional study of brucellosis and Q fever in Thailand among livestock in two districts at the Thai-Cambodian border, Sa Kaeo province.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, USA.
2
Center for Global Health, Weill Cornell Medicine, USA.
3
Sa Kaeo Provincial Livestock Office, Department of Livestock Development, Thailand.
4
National Institute of Animal Health, Department of Livestock Development, Thailand.
5
Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde, Brazil.
6
Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand.

Abstract

Brucellosis and Q fever impart high morbidity in humans and economic losses among livestock worldwide. However their prevalence is still not fully known in Thailand. We conducted a sero-survey of brucellosis and Q fever in beef, dairy cattle, goat, and sheep herds from Thai communities at the border with Cambodia, a cross-border trading center. Serum samples were tested for brucellosis and Q fever by antibody-based tests at the National Institute of Animal Health, Thailand. We surveyed a total of 520 individuals from 143 herds. Brucellosis herd-level seroprevalence for beef cattle and small ruminants (goats and sheep) was 2.6% (3/117) and 13.3% (2/15) respectively. Q fever herd-level seroprevalence for beef cattle, dairy cattle, and small ruminants was 4.3% (5/117), 27.3% (3/11) and 33.3% (5/15) respectively. This study identified a significant burden of brucellosis and Q fever among small ruminants and dairy cattle at the Thai-Cambodian border.

KEYWORDS:

Brucellosis; Public health; Q fever; Thailand; Zoonotic diseases

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