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Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2018 Sep 28;14:2485-2496. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S172243. eCollection 2018.

The role of COMT gene Val108/158Met polymorphism in suicidal behavior: systematic review and updated meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Multidisciplinary Academic Division of Jalpa de Méndez, Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco, Jalpa de Méndez, Tabasco, Mexico.
2
Multidisciplinary Academic Division of Health Sciences, Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco, Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico.
3
General Hospital of Yajalon, Ministry of Health, Yajalon, Chiapas, Mexico.
4
Multidisciplinary Academic Division of Comalcalco, Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco, Comalcalco, Tabasco, Mexico, alfonso_tovillaz@yahoo.com.mx.
5
Research Unit, Juárez Hospital of Mexico, Ministry of Health, Mexico City, Mexico.
6
Department of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City, Mexico.
7
Psychiatric Care Services, National Institute of Genomic Medicine (INMEGEN), Health Secretary, Ministry of Health, Mexico City, Mexico.
8
Sub-direction of Clinical Research, Children's Psychiatric Hospital "Dr. Juan N. Navarro", Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

Background:

It is accepted that there is a genetic factor that influences the risk of suicidal behavior. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, especially the Val108/158Met polymorphism, has been associated with suicide; however, no conclusive outcome has been attained. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the role of COMT Val108/158Met in suicidal behavior throughout an updated meta-analysis.

Methods:

We performed an online search using PubMed and Web of Science (up to March 2017). Our systematic review included case-control studies of individuals who attempted suicide and completed suicide. We tested allelic, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, and recessive inheritance models. The meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the statement of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.

Results:

The meta-analysis comprised 17 studies, which included 3,282 cases and 3,774 controls, and showed that when evaluating the overall population, the Val108/158Met polymorphism of COMT was not associated with suicidal behavior in any of the inheritance models; however, the subanalyses showed that this polymorphism exhibits a risk factor in males and a protective effect in females. Additionally, it conveyed a risk factor in Asian populations when using the allelic (OR 1.25; CI: 1.04-1.51) and recessive models (OR 1.32; CI: 1.03-1.68).

Conclusion:

Our updated meta-analysis suggests a possible association between COMT Val108/158Met and suicidal behavior in Asian populations. However, in view of the small number of studies, these results should be considered exploratory. We recommend that more studies be performed with larger samples.

KEYWORDS:

epidemiology; mental health; risk factors; suicide

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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