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Front Psychiatry. 2018 Sep 7;9:402. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00402. eCollection 2018.

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Completed Suicides in Mexico City 2014-2015.

Author information

1
Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
2
Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genómica, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
3
Instituto de Ciencias Forenses, Tribunal Superior de Justicia de la CDMX, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
4
Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
5
Hospital Psiquiátrico Fray Bernardino Álvarez, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.

Abstract

Objective: To analyze sex differences in demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals who died by suicide in Mexico City. Method: Statistical analysis of residents of Mexico City whose cause of death was suicide, during two years period from January 2014 to December 2015, with a coroner's report. Suicide mortality rates were calculated by age, sex, and location within the city. The Chi-squared test was used to assess statistical differences. Results: From January 2014 to December 2015, 990 residents of Mexico City died by suicide (men: 78.28%, women: 21.72%). Among males, the highest mortality rates were among the groups of 20-24 and 75-79 years old, whereas in women, the group with the highest mortality rate was 15 to 19 years old. 74% of the sample used hanging as suicide method. However, men had higher rates of a positive result in the toxicology test (40%) (p < 0.05). There was no concordance between male and female suicide by city jurisdictions. Conclusion: Our results provide evidence that the characteristics of Mexico City's residents who committed suicide had significant sex-related differences, including where they used to live. Understanding the contributory factors associated with completed suicide is essential for the development of effective preventive strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Mexico City; coroners; epidemiology; sex; suicide

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