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Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Dec;120(Pt A):1322-1334. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.08.136. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Carbomer gel bearing methotrexate loaded lipid nanocontainers shows improved topical delivery intended for effective management of psoriasis.

Author information

1
Shri RNS College of Pharmacy, Gormi, Bhind, MP 477660, India.
2
Scott-Edil Advanced Research Labs, Department of Formulation Development and Technology Transfer, India.
3
Shri RNS College of Pharmacy, Gormi, Bhind, MP 477660, India. Electronic address: jrpatelrns16@gmail.com.

Abstract

The present investigation reports the evaluation of potential use of Carbomer gel bearing methotrexate loaded nanostructured lipid carriers for topical application of methotrexate for possible therapy of psoriasis in comparison to solid lipid nanoparticles. These were evaluated for various parameters such as particle size, surface charge, entrapment efficiency, shape and surface morphology, thermal analysis, in-vitro drug release through skin (Franz diffusion cell) and drug deposition study, fluorescence microscopy, particle-skin interaction study, skin-irritation testing and storage stability. The formulation (NLC5) showed the best entrapment efficiency (62.72 ± 0.94%) while SLN showed only 26.84 ± 0.64% with particle size of 221 ± 14nm and 212 ± 11nm, respectively. Skin permeation study of MTX loaded SLN and NLC5 hydrogels showed prolonged drug release up to 24 h. The skin drug deposition study showed the greatest deposition of drug enriched NLC5 hydrogel (28.8%) when compared to plain drug enriched hydrogel (11.4%) and drug enriched SLN hydrogel (18.6%). Fluorescence microscopy suggested the localization effect of these lipid based systems to deeper skin region. The primary skin irritation studies indicated that MTX loaded SLN or NLC5 hydrogels resulted no erythema. It can be concluded that NLC represents a promising particulate carrier having prolonged drug release, improved skin permeation.

KEYWORDS:

Hydrogel; Methotrexate; Nanomedicine

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