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BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Aug 29;18(1):667. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3478-y.

General self-efficacy modifies the effect of stress on burnout in nurses with different personality types.

Author information

1
School of Public Health, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, 453003, Henan, China. yaoyongchengbb@126.com.
2
School of Basic Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, Henan, China. yaoyongchengbb@126.com.
3
School of Public Health, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, 453003, Henan, China.
4
Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, School of Medicine, Yale Cancer Center, Yale University, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT, 06520-8034, USA.
5
School of Basic Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, Henan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Burnout is a health problem in nurses. Individuals with a certain personality are more susceptible to job-related burnout. General self-efficacy (GSE) is an important predictor of job-related burnout. The relationships between general self-efficacy, job-related burnout and different personality types are still not clear. This study aims to analyze the relationships of job-related burnout, stress, general self-efficacy and personality types, as well as their interactions in job-related burnout.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional survey of 860 nurses was conducted between June and July 2015 in China. We measured their job-related burnout using the scale of the Maslach Occupational Burnout Scale, and personality, stress, and GSE. Machine learning of generalized linear model were performed.

RESULTS:

Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) professional efficacy was significantly associated with gender, marital status, age, job title and length of service. A machine learning algorithm showed that stress was the most important factor in job-related burnout, followed by GSE, personality type (introvert unstable), and job title. Individuals with low GSE and either introversion or unstable (high neuroticism) personality seemed to have stronger burnout when they faced stress (regardless of stress intensity) compared to others.

CONCLUSION:

Stress, GSE and introvert unstable personality are the top three factors of job-related burnout. GSE moderates the effect of stress on burnout in nurses with extroversion or neuroticism personality. Reducing stress, increasing GSE, and more social support may alleviate job-related burnout in nurses. Nurses with introvert unstable personality should be given more social support in reducing stress and enhancing their GSE.

KEYWORDS:

General self-efficacy; Interaction; Job-related burnout; Machine learning; Nurse; Personality

PMID:
30157926
PMCID:
PMC6114188
DOI:
10.1186/s12913-018-3478-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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