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Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2018 Dec;15(12):1382-1390. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201804-252AR.

Addressing Gender Inequality in Our Disciplines: Report from the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Chiefs.

Author information

1
1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Department of Medicine, Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
2
2 Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
3
3 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
4
4 General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
5
5 Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, and Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
6
6 Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.
7
7 Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
8
8 Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
9
9 Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
10
10 Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona Health Sciences, Tucson, Arizona.
11
11 Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Allergy, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Riley Children's Hospital, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.
12
12 Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
13
13 Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
14
14 Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
15
15 Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
16
16 Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; and.
17
17 Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.

Abstract

Despite the increasing proportion of women in U.S. medical schools, there are relatively few women in leadership positions, and a number of recent publications have highlighted many factors that could contribute to gender inequity and inequality in medicine. The Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Directors, an organization of Division Directors from across the United States, convened a workshop to review data and obtain input from leaders on the state of gender equity in our field. The workshop identified a number of factors that could contribute to gender inequality and inequity: gender climate (including implicit and perceived biases); disproportionate family responsibilities; lack of women in leadership positions; poor retention of women; and lack of gender equality in compensation. The panel members developed a roadmap of concrete recommendations for societies, leaders, and individuals that should promote gender equity to achieve gender equality and improve retention of women in the field of pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine.

KEYWORDS:

equality; equity; gender; pulmonary

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