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Neuroscience. 2018 Aug 10;385:237-245. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.06.014. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Resting-state Brain Activity Changes Associated with Tardive Dyskinesia in Patients with Schizophrenia: Fractional Amplitude of Low-frequency Fluctuation Decreased in the Occipital Lobe.

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Peking University HuiLongGuan Clinical Medical School, Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital 100096 Beijing, PR China.
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 201942 New Haven, CT, USA.
Uniton Statistical Genomics, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda 20892, USA.
Peking University HuiLongGuan Clinical Medical School, Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital 100096 Beijing, PR China. Electronic address:


We explored resting-state brain activity and its potential links to clinical parameters in schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia (TD) using fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF). Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 32 schizophrenic patients with TD (TD group), 31 without TD (NTD group), and 32 healthy controls (HC group). Clinical parameters including psychopathological symptoms, severity of TD, and cognitive function were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status, respectively. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to determine the relationship between the regions with altered fALFF values and clinical parameters in TD patients. The TD group showed decreased fALFF in the left middle occipital gyrus (MOG) and the right calcarine sulcus (CAL) compared to the HC group, and decreased fALFF in the left cuneus compared to the NTD group. In the TD group, fALFF values in the left MOG and the right CAL were correlated separately with the delayed memory score (r = 0.44, p = 0.027; r = 0.43, p = 0.028, respectively). The AIMS total score was negatively correlated to the visuospatial/constructional score (r = -0.53, p = 0.005). Our findings suggested that resting-state brain activity changes were associated with TD in schizophrenic patients. There was an association between the decreased brain activity in the occipital lobe and the delayed memory cognition impairment in this population.


fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation; resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging; schizophrenia; tardive dyskinesia

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