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Clin Cancer Res. 2018 Oct 1;24(19):4662-4671. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-0638. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Antigen-Specific CD8 Lytic Phenotype Induced by Sipuleucel-T in Hormone-Sensitive or Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and Association with Overall Survival.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland.
2
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
3
Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut.
4
Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.
5
Dana Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, Harvard University, Boston, Massacheuttes.
6
Dendreon Pharmaceuticals, LLC, Seattle, Washington.
7
Columbia University Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Urology, and the Columbia Center for Translational Immunology (CCTI), New York, New York. cgd2139@cumc.columbia.edu.

Abstract

Purpose: Sipuleucel-T is FDA approved for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) based on the IMPACT trial showing a 4.1-month benefit in median overall survival (OS) for patients receiving sipuleucel-T versus control. Although efficacy of sipuleucel-T is well established, its mechanism remains incompletely understood.Patients and Methods: Patient samples from three sipuleucel-T trials were assessed for peripheral cellular immune responses to the immunogen PA2024 and the target antigen prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP). PAP- and PA2024-specific proliferative and cytolytic responses were characterized to delineate sipuleucel-T-induced immune responses. To quantify potential cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity, cell-surface CD107a expression on PAP- or PA2024-specific CD8+ T cells was measured in sipuleucel-T-treated patient and healthy volunteer samples.Results: Increased PA2024-specific CD4+ (P = 0.030) and CD8+ (P = 0.052) T-cell proliferation from baseline to week 6 was observed (N = 14) post-sipuleucel-T, with greater magnitude of PA2024-specific responses compared with PAP. PAP- and PA2024-CTL activity (CD107a positivity) significantly increased at weeks 6 and 26 after sipuleucel-T treatment (P < 0.0001; N = 22). At 26 weeks post-sipuleucel-T, OS correlated with the magnitude of PAP (Pearson R, 0.52; P = 0.013) or PA2024 (Pearson R, 0.67; P = 0.0006) CTL activity. Higher PA2024-CTL activity at week 26 was significantly associated with longer OS using tertile analysis (P = 0.0005; N = 22), with PA2024 responses correlating with PAP responses at week 26 (R = 0.90; P = 1.53E-08).Conclusions: This study is the first to report PAP-specific CD8+ T-cell responses elicited by sipuleucel-T treatment. Increased and persistent potential PA2024-specific CTL activity correlated with PAP-specific CTL activity and associated with improved OS following sipuleucel-T treatment. Clin Cancer Res; 24(19); 4662-71. ©2018 AACR.

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