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J Nurs Manag. 2018 Oct;26(7):782-794. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12613. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

The role of unregulated care providers in home care: A scoping review.

Author information

1
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
2
Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
3
Southwest Local Health Integration Network, London, ON, Canada.
4
School of Health & Life Sciences & Community Services, Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Kitchener, ON, Canada.

Abstract

AIM AND BACKGROUND:

Health care needs of individuals living in the community are increasing. To meet the rising need, unregulated care providers are providing more complex patient care. The aim of this review is to articulate the unregulated care provider role by identifying patient care activities offered by unregulated care providers in home care.

METHODS:

A scoping review was conducted. One thousand and eleven published manuscripts were identified in CINAHL, Ageline and MEDLINE. Eleven additional manuscripts were identified through hand searching. Manuscripts were screened for relevancy and data were abstracted to address the research question.

RESULTS:

Twenty-eight studies originating from Canada, Sweden, Belgium, UK, USA and New Zealand were included. Three categories of patient care activities provided by unregulated care providers were found: (1) personal care and core skills; (2) delegated tasks and added skills; and (3) specialty roles.

CONCLUSION:

Unregulated care providers predominantly provide assistance with personal care and activities of daily living. However, unregulated care providers also provide care outside their training, including care once provided by nurses.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT:

Guidelines clearly articulating responsibilities of nurses transferring care activities to unregulated care providers should be developed. Processes and policies regarding evaluation and supervision of unregulated care providers providing added skills should be developed to ensure appropriate monitoring and support.

KEYWORDS:

health care assistant; home care; quality of care; role clarity; skill-mix; unregulated care provider

PMID:
29708290
DOI:
10.1111/jonm.12613
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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