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J Nucl Med. 2018 Oct;59(10):1574-1580. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.117.202143. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Simplified Quantification and Acquisition Protocol for 123I-MIBG Dynamic SPECT.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
2
Department of Engineering Physics, Key Laboratory of Particle and Radiation Imaging (Tsinghua University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Internal Medicine (Cardiology), Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
4
Yale School of Public Health (Biostatistics), Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
5
Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; and.
6
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
7
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut chi.liu@yale.edu.

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated the feasibility of absolute quantification of dynamic 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) SPECT imaging in humans. This work reports a simplified quantification method for dynamic 123I-MIBG SPECT using practical protocols with shortened acquisition time and voxel-by-voxel parametric imaging. Methods: Twelve healthy human volunteers underwent five 15-min dynamic SPECT scans at 0, 15, 90, 120, and 180 min after 123I-MIBG injection. List-mode SPECT data were binned into 29 frames and reconstructed with corrections for attenuation, scatter, and decay. Population-based blood-to-plasma correction and metabolite correction were applied to the image-derived input function. Likelihood estimation in graphical analysis (LEGA) was used as a simplified model to obtain volume of distribution (V T) values, which were compared with those obtained with the reversible 2-tissue (2T) compartment model. Three simplified protocols were evaluated with 2T and LEGA using a 30-min scan started simultaneously with tracer injection plus a 15-min scan at 90, 120, or 180 min after injection. Voxel-by-voxel LEGA fitting was applied to the aligned dynamic images using both the full protocol (five 15-min scans) and the simplified protocols. Results: Correlation analysis (y = 0.955x + 0.547, R 2 = 0.997) and Bland-Altman plot (mean difference, -0.8 mL/cm3; 95% limits of agreement, [-2.5, 1.0] mL/cm3; normal V T range, 29.0 ± 12.4 mL/cm3) showed that LEGA can be used as a simplified model of 2T for 123I-MIBG. High-quality V T parametric images could be obtained with LEGA. Region-of-interest (ROI) modeling and parametric imaging results were in excellent agreement as determined by correlation analysis (y = 0.999x - 1.026, R 2 = 0.982) and Bland-Altman plot (mean difference, -1.0 mL/cm3; 95% limits of agreement, [-4.2, 2.1] mL/cm3). V T correlated reasonably well between all simplified protocols and the full protocol with LEGA but not with 2T. The V T results were more reliable when there was a longer interval between the 2 acquisitions in the simplified protocols. Conclusion: For ROI-based kinetic modeling and parametric imaging, reliable quantification of dynamic 123I-MIBG SPECT can be achieved with LEGA using a simplified protocol of a 30-min scan starting with tracer injection plus a 15-min scan no earlier than 180 min after injection.

KEYWORDS:

123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG); dynamic SPECT; parametric imaging; simplified quantification

PMID:
29476001
DOI:
10.2967/jnumed.117.202143

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