Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Calcif Tissue Int. 2018 Jun;102(6):666-670. doi: 10.1007/s00223-017-0382-0. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

Three-Month Randomized Clinical Trial of Nasal Calcitonin in Adults with X-linked Hypophosphatemia.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
2
Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, NJ, USA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Endocrinology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
4
Yale Center for Analytical Science, Yale University School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.
5
Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. karl.insogna@yale.edu.

Abstract

Previous work has demonstrated that a single subcutaneous dose of salmon calcitonin leads to a transient decline in circulating levels of FGF23 in patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH). Since the calcitonin receptor is expressed on osteocytes, this raises the possibility that interdicting signals through that receptor could modulate circulating levels of FGF23 in XLH. In the present study, 21 subjects with XLH were randomly assigned to receive either placebo nasal spray or 400 IU of nasal salmon calcitonin daily for three months. On the first and last day of the study, serial measurements of FGF23, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and TmP/GFR were made over 27 h. At the beginning of Visit 2 (the first day of month 2) and the beginning of Visit 3 (the first day of month 3), single, first-morning, fasting measurements of these same parameters were made before the next administered dose of study drug. Following the initial or final dose of study drug, there were no differences in area under the curve, based on treatment assignment, for the three principal outcome variables. Similarly, there were no differences in the fasting measures taken at the beginning of Visit 2 or Visit 3 compared to the fasting values on either day 2 of Visit 1 or the fasting values on day 2 of Visit 4. There were also no significant changes over time in serum phosphorus, serum calcium, circulating levels of PTH, CTx, or P1NP. The reasons why nasal salmon calcitonin did not recapitulate the findings with subcutaneously administered drug may relate to the kinetics of drug delivery, the bioavailability of drug or peak drug dose achieved. It remains possible, however, that other means of altering calcitonin receptor signaling may still provide an opportunity for regulating FGF23 production.

KEYWORDS:

Calcitonin; Clinical trial; FGF23; Hypophosphatemia

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center