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J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Apr;32(2):666-671. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2017.07.009. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

A Pilot Analysis of the Association Between Types of Monitored Anesthesia Care Drugs and Outcomes in Transfemoral Aortic Valve Replacement Performed Without General Anesthesia.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Electronic address: eric.chen@yale.edu.
2
Yale Center for Analytical Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT.
3
Department of Anesthesiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The types of agents used for monitored anesthesia care (MAC) and their possible differential effects on outcomes have received less study despite increased use over general anesthesia (GA) in transfemoral aortic valve replacements (TAVRs). In this pilot analysis of patients undergoing TAVR using MAC, the authors described the anesthetic agents used and sought to investigate the possible association of anesthetic agent choice with outcomes and the extent to which total weight and time-adjusted doses of anesthetics declined with increasing 10-year age increments.

DESIGN:

Retrospective observational study.

SETTING:

Tertiary teaching hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

Ninety-three participants scheduled to undergo TAVR, with a primary plan of conscious sedation between November 2014 and June 2016, were included.

INTERVENTION:

None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Types of MAC were divided into 4 primary groups, but 2 groups were focused: propofol (n = 39) and dexmedetomidine plus propofol (n = 34). Conversion to GA occurred in 6 participants (6.45%) and was not associated with the type of sedation received. The authors also compared patients who received dexmedetomidine with those who did not in accordance with their a priori analytic plan. There were no associations between the use of dexmedetomidine and postoperative delirium or intensive care unit/hospital length of stay. No significant trends in medication dose adjustments were seen across increasing 10-year age increments.

CONCLUSIONS:

A wide breadth of MAC medications is in use among TAVR patients and does not support differences in outcomes. Despite recommendations to reduce anesthetic drug dosing in the elderly, no significant trends in dose reduction with increasing age were noted.

KEYWORDS:

TAVR; age-adjusted dosing; dexmedetomidine; elderly; fentanyl; monitored anesthesia care; propofol

Comment in

PMID:
29277298
PMCID:
PMC5766429
[Available on 2019-04-01]
DOI:
10.1053/j.jvca.2017.07.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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