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Sci Signal. 2017 Dec 12;10(509). pii: eaan2392. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.aan2392.

Aging impairs both primary and secondary RIG-I signaling for interferon induction in human monocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
2
Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, W. M. Keck Foundation Biotechnology Resource Laboratory, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
3
Section of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
4
Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
5
Department of Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. akiko.iwasaki@yale.edu.
6
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

Abstract

Adults older than 65 account for most of the deaths caused by respiratory influenza A virus (IAV) infections, but the underlying mechanisms for this susceptibility are poorly understood. IAV RNA is detected by the cytosolic sensor retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I), which induces the production of type I interferons (IFNs) that curtail the spread of the virus and promote the elimination of infected cells. We have previously identified a marked defect in the IAV-inducible secretion of type I IFNs, but not proinflammatory cytokines, in monocytes from older (>65 years) healthy human donors. We found that monocytes from older adults exhibited decreased abundance of the adaptor protein TRAF3 (tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 3) because of its increased proteasomal degradation with age, thereby impairing the primary RIG-I signaling pathway for the induction of type I IFNs. We determined that monocytes from older adults also failed to effectively stimulate the production of the IFN regulatory transcription factor IRF8, which compromised IFN induction through secondary RIG-I signaling. IRF8 played a central role in IFN induction in monocytes, because knocking down IRF8 in monocytes from younger adults was sufficient to replicate the IFN defects observed in monocytes from older adults, whereas restoring IRF8 expression in older adult monocytes was sufficient to restore RIG-I-induced IFN responses. Aging thus compromises both the primary and secondary RIG-I signaling pathways that govern expression of type I IFN genes, thereby impairing antiviral resistance to IAV.

PMID:
29233916
PMCID:
PMC6429941
DOI:
10.1126/scisignal.aan2392
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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