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Hepatology. 2018 Feb;67(2):560-574. doi: 10.1002/hep.29588. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease impairs expression of the type II inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor.

Author information

1
Toxicology Graduate Program, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
2
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
3
Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
4
Section of Digestive Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease worldwide. It may result in several types of liver problems, including impaired liver regeneration (LR), but the mechanism for this is unknown. Because LR depends on calcium signaling, we examined the effects of NAFLD on expression of the type II inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (ITPR2), the principle calcium release channel in hepatocytes. ITPR2 promoter activity was measured in Huh7 and HepG2 cells. ITPR2 and c-Jun protein levels were evaluated in Huh7 cells, in liver tissue from a rat model of NAFLD, and in liver biopsy specimens of patients with simple steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). LR was assessed in wild-type and Itpr2 knockout (Itpr2-/- ) mice following 67% hepatectomy. Cell proliferation was examined in ITPR2-knockout HepG2 cells generated by the CRISPR/Cas9 system. c-Jun dose dependently decreased activity of the human ITPR2 promoter. c-Jun expression was increased and ITPR2 was decreased in fat-loaded Huh7 cells and in livers of rats fed a high-fat, high-fructose diet. Overexpression of c-Jun reduced protein and mRNA expression of ITPR2 in Huh7 cells, whereas knockdown of c-Jun prevented the decrease of ITPR2 in fat-loaded Huh7 cells. ITPR2 expression was decreased and c-Jun was increased in liver biopsies of patients with steatosis and NASH compared to controls. ITPR2-knockout cells exhibited less nuclear calcium signaling and cell proliferation than control cells. LR assessed by Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen was markedly decreased in Itpr2-/- mice. Conclusion: Fatty liver induces a c-Jun-mediated decrease in ITPR2 in hepatocytes. This may account for the impaired LR that occurs in NAFLD. (Hepatology 2018;67:560-574).

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