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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2017 Nov;73:288-293. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2017.09.001. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among elderly Mexicans.

Author information

1
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, Mexico.
2
Institute of Security and Social Services for State Workers, DF, Mexico.
3
National Institute of Genomic Medicine, DF, Mexico.
4
National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán, DF, Mexico.
5
National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico.
6
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, DF, Mexico.
7
Research Group on Community Nutrition & Oxidative Stress, University of the Balearic Islands & CIBEROBN, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Electronic address: josep.tur@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

One of the most prevalent chronic diseases among elderly population is the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS and associated factors among Mexican elderly people.

SUBJECTS:

Cross-sectional survey carried out in Mexico (2007). A random sample (n=516) of the elderly population (≥65years; 277 female, 239 male) was interviewed. Anthropometric and analytical measurements, and a general questionnaire incorporating questions related to socio-demographic and life-style factors were used. MetS definition AHA/NHLBI/IDF was applied.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of MetS in the elderly (≥65years) was of 72.9% (75.7% men; 70.4% women). Participants with values above MetS cut-off points were 92.4% (hypertension), 77.8% (hypertriglyceridemia), 77.1% (low HDL-cholesterol), 71.1% (hyperglycaemia), and 65.4% (central obesity). People with MetS showed higher values of anthropometric and biochemical variables than those without MetS, except for the height, cholesterol and creatinine. Mid-high education level (9-12 years), no smokers and former smokers, and Central-Western inhabitants of Mexico were associated with MetS components. BMI status was the main determinant of MetS prevalence and MetS components.

CONCLUSION:

The reported prevalence of MetS among the elderly Mexican population was higher than those previously obtained in the geographical area, showing a major public health problem in Mexican elders.

KEYWORDS:

Elderly; Metabolic syndrome; Mexican; Nutritional survey

PMID:
28910752
DOI:
10.1016/j.archger.2017.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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