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J Ultrasound Med. 2018 Mar;37(3):769-781. doi: 10.1002/jum.14376. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Sonographic Evaluation of Complications of Extracranial Carotid Artery Interventions.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
2
Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Abstract

Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting are among the most common peripheral vascular procedures performed worldwide. Sonography is the initial and often only imaging modality used in the evaluation of iatrogenic carotid arterial injuries. This pictorial essay provides an overview of the clinical and sonographic findings of complications after interventions in the extracranial carotid arteries, including dissection, fluid collections, pseudoaneurysm, thrombosis, thromboembolism, restenosis, and stent deformation. Grayscale, color, and pulsed Doppler imaging findings are reviewed, and correlations with computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and angiography are provided.

KEYWORDS:

carotid artery; carotids/extracranial; complications; endarterectomy; sonography; stenting

PMID:
28877355
DOI:
10.1002/jum.14376

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