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Neurol Genet. 2017 May 25;3(3):e160. doi: 10.1212/NXG.0000000000000160. eCollection 2017 Jun.

Intramyocellular lipid excess in the mitochondrial disorder MELAS: MRS determination at 7T.

Author information

1
Rare Brain Disorders Program (S.G., J.M.P.), Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, Department of Pediatrics (S.G., J.M.P.), Advanced Imaging Research Center (J.R., C.R.M.), Department of Radiology (J.R., C.R.M.), Department of Internal Medicine (C.R.M.), Department of Physiology (J.M.P.), and Eugene McDermott Center for Human Growth & Development/Center for Human Genetics (J.M.P.), The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

There is a paucity of objective, quantifiable indicators of mitochondrial disease available for clinical and scientific investigation.

METHODS:

To this end, we explore intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) accumulation noninvasively by 7T magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) as a reporter of metabolic dysfunction in MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes). We reasoned that mitochondrial dysfunction may impair muscle fat metabolism, resulting in lipid deposition (as is sometimes observed in biopsies), and that MRS is well suited to quantify these lipids.

RESULTS:

In 10 MELAS participants and relatives, IMCL abundance correlates with percent mitochondrial DNA mutation abundance and with disease severity.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that IMCL accumulation is a novel potential disease hallmark in MELAS.

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