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AIDS Behav. 2017 Dec;21(12):3527-3548. doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-1778-6.

Leveraging the U.S. Criminal Justice System to Access Women for HIV Interventions.

Author information

1
AIDS Program, Yale School of Medicine, 135 College Street, Suite 323, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA. jaimie.meyer@yale.edu.
2
Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
3
Columbia School of Social Work, New York, NY, USA.
4
AIDS Program, Yale School of Medicine, 135 College Street, Suite 323, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.
5
Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.
6
University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abstract

The criminal justice (CJ) system can be leveraged to access women for HIV prevention and treatment programs. Research is lacking on effective implementation strategies tailored to the specific needs of CJ-involved women. We conducted a scoping review of published studies in English from the United States that described HIV interventions, involved women or girls, and used the CJ system as an access point for sampling or intervention delivery. We identified 350 studies and synthesized data from 42 unique interventions, based in closed (n = 26), community (n = 7), or multiple/other CJ settings (n = 9). A minority of reviewed programs incorporated women-specific content or conducted gender-stratified analyses. CJ systems are comprised of diverse access points, each with unique strengths and challenges for implementing HIV treatment and prevention programs for women. Further study is warranted to develop women-specific and trauma-informed content and evaluate program effectiveness.

KEYWORDS:

Criminal justice; HIV; Implementation science; Intervention; Systematic review; Women

PMID:
28534199
PMCID:
PMC5699977
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-017-1778-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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