Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurophysiol. 2017 Jul 1;118(1):619-624. doi: 10.1152/jn.00187.2017. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Cl- channel is required for CXCL10-induced neuronal activation and itch response in a murine model of allergic contact dermatitis.

Author information

1
Departments of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Pain Research Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; and lqu4@jhmi.edu.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

Persistent itch often accompanies allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unexplored. We previously demonstrated that CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling activated a subpopulation of cutaneous primary sensory neurons and mediated itch response after contact hypersensitivity (CHS), a murine model of ACD, induced by squaric acid dibutylester. The purpose of this study was to determine the ionic mechanisms underlying CXCL10-induced neuronal activation and allergic itch. In whole cell recordings, CXCL10 triggered a current in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons innervating the area of CHS. This current was modulated by intracellular Cl- and blocked by the general Cl- channel inhibitors. Moreover, increasing Ca2+ buffering capacity reduced this current. In addition, blockade of Cl- channels significantly suppressed CXCL10-induced Ca2+ response. In behavioral tests, injection of CXCL10 into CHS site exacerbated itch-related scratching behaviors. Moreover, the potentiating behavioral effects of CXCL10 were attenuated by either of two Cl- channel blockers. Thus we suggest that the Cl- channel acts as a downstream target mediating the excitatory and pruritic behavioral effects of CXCL10. Cl- channels may provide a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of allergic itch in which CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling may participate.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The ionic mechanisms underlying CXCL10-induced neuronal activation and allergic itch are largely unexplored. This study revealed that CXCL10 evoked an ionic current mainly carried by Cl- channels. We suggest that Cl- channels are likely key molecular candidates responsible for the CXCL10-evoked neuronal activation and itch-like behaviors in a murine model of allergic contact dermatitis induced by the antigen squaric acid dibutylester. Cl- channels may emerge as a promising drug target for the treatment of allergic itch in which CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling may participate.

KEYWORDS:

CXCL10; CXCR3; Cl− channel; allergic contact dermatitis; itch; pain

PMID:
28446581
PMCID:
PMC5511864
[Available on 2018-07-01]
DOI:
10.1152/jn.00187.2017
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center