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Nanomedicine. 2017 Aug;13(6):1863-1867. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2017.04.003. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Quantitative microscopy-based measurements of circulating nanoparticle concentration using microliter blood volumes.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
Department of Immunobiology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:


Nanoparticles (NPs) are potential drug delivery vehicles for treatment of a broad range of diseases. Intravenous (IV) administration, the most common form of delivery, is relatively non-invasive and provides (in theory) access throughout the circulatory system. However, in practice, many IV injected NPs are quickly eliminated by specialized phagocytes in the liver and spleen. Consequently, new materials have been developed with the capacity to significantly extend the circulating half-life of IV administered NPs. Unfortunately, current procedures for measuring circulation half-lives are often expensive, time consuming, and can require large blood volumes that are not compatible with mouse models of disease. Here we describe a simple and reliable procedure for measuring circulation half-life utilizing quantitative microscopy. This method requires only 2μL of blood and minimal sample preparation, yet provides robust quantitative results.


Circulation half-life; Nanoparticles; Quantitative microscopy

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