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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017 May;35(2):241-260. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2017.01.002.

Advances in the Prevention and Treatment of High Altitude Illness.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12401 East 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: christopher.davis@ucdenver.edu.
2
Institute for Altitude Medicine, PO Box 1229, Telluride, CO 81435, USA.

Abstract

High altitude illness encompasses a spectrum of clinical entities to include: acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. These illnesses occur as a result of a hypobaric hypoxic environment. Although a mild case of acute mountain sickness may be self-limited, high altitude cerebral edema and high altitude pulmonary edema represent critical emergencies that require timely intervention. This article reviews recent advances in the prevention and treatment of high altitude illness, including new pharmacologic strategies for prophylaxis and revised treatment guidelines.

KEYWORDS:

Acute mountain sickness; Altitude; High altitude cerebral edema; High altitude pulmonary edema; Prevention; Treatment

PMID:
28411926
DOI:
10.1016/j.emc.2017.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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